Daily Bulletin

The Conversation

  • Written by The Conversation Contributor

The lead up to Christmas is historically fraught with tension. The pressure to get it right – particularly for the children in your life – can be immense.

When buying presents for children with disabilities, it becomes significantly harder to find toys that are both usable and respectful.

image Color SENSEation, a colouring-in book for the blind. Debi Harrison

Toys designed specifically for children with disabilities, catalogues of suitable mainstream toys and calls to increase the disability diversity of toys have gained attention this year.

Increasingly, disability is recognised as a complex mix of both social and biological forces. People with disabilities are disabled by both the impacts of impairments and those limitations created by a disabling society.

A brief history of disability toys

The history of disability toys – that is, both toys designed for use by disabled children, and toys that depict disability – reflects the changing treatment of the disabled.

The early history of disability toys in the 20th century was entirely medicalised, while shifting concepts of disability social justice can be seen in later toys.

image Doll used to explain polio treatment to young children. Circa 1930-1950. Science Museum London

Historically, and continuing today, toys have been used to explain medical procedures to children with disabilities. During the polio epidemic between the 1930s and 50s toys with callipers and iron lungs were used in hospitals to teach children about the disease.

Then, in the 1960s, the most un/popular disability toy was the Mr Magoo Toy Car which Everybody: An Artifact History of America argues was integral in galvanising disability rights protests. As a number of disabled war veterans joined the disability rights movements, both GI Joe and Ideal Toys released disabled hyper masculine action figures in the 1970s.

This decade also saw moves to de-institutionalise children with disabilities prompting families to consider the importance of toys and play for children with disabilities.

But when Mattel released Hal’s Pals, a series of Cabbage Patch style dolls with disabilities during the 1980s, toy-industry analysts predicted the dolls would not have longevity because children with disabilities “felt different” and would not like to see dolls like themselves in the mainstream market.

A number of dolls designed to look like they have Down’s Syndrome have received similar negative feedback.

Mattel’s 1990s special releases Share a Smile Becky and American Sign Language teacher dolls have been both criticised and applauded.

Toys for children with disabilities

With digitally literate parents increasingly searching online for resources for their children with disabilities, a number of toys designed specifically for children with disabilities are gaining attention through internet marketing.

The website Wonderbaby focuses on providing information and resources for parents of children with disabilities. They have compiled a list of toys developed specifically to aid the development of braille literacy:

Sighted children play with alphabet blocks or simple word puzzles when they are young to help develop a foundation for literacy, and blind children have the same opportunities with toys in braille.

image Peter Morgan/Reuters

The website lists braille puzzles, blocks and other toys specifically designed for children with vision impairments.

It also includes list of toys suitable for children with various sensory impairments: toys that vibrate, light up, make noise and have interesting textures.

A 2005 book, Toys, Games, and Media includes a chapter that argues that toys and play offer important opportunities for children with disabilities to develop values and abilities and feel comfortable in their environments.

They acknowledge both toys created specifically for children with disabilities and that children with disabilities use commercially available toys.

Mainstream toys for children with disabilities

In her 1995 PhD thesis disability media scholar Beth Haller noted that following the introduction of disability legislation, people with disabilities became recognised as an untapped market.

During this period Toys'‘R’‘Us introduced their Toy Guide for Differently-Abled Kids. Now an app, the guide compiles suitable mainstream toys for children with a variety of impairments.

Similar compilations can be found on dedicated disability toy sites and parenting forums.

While including the same toys in the “for boys” and “for girls” sections of Toy catalogues has been criticised for limiting gender diversity, these disability toy catalogues open up new opportunities. Searchable functions allow individualised compilations of appropriate toys according to skills and abilities.

Increasing Disability Representation

Earlier in the year I wrote about #toylikeme, an online campaign to increase disability diversity in the toybox.

image Finnegans Wake, from Monster High. © Mattel

The campaign has amassed 29,000 followers in 45 countries since April and prompted Playmobil and Makies to introduce disability toys.

In the meantime, Mattel’s Monster High features a number of characters who exhibit disability traits in a celebration of difference. Finnegan Wake is a wheelchair using mermaid while Ghoulia Yelps has been recognised as demonstrating characteristics of autism.

In an example of incidentalist representations of disability, Orchid Toys Giant Road Jigsaw features a number of characters with disabilities.

Disability diversity in the toybox includes making specialised toys available, matching appropriate mainstream toys with children with disabilities and increasing the visibility of disability in the toy box.

Authors: The Conversation Contributor

Read more http://theconversation.com/diversify-the-toy-box-christmas-gifts-for-children-with-disabilities-51671

Writers Wanted

Racing 2-year-old horses is lucrative, but is it worth the risks?


How to Sanitize Cloth Masks Properly


The Conversation


Ray Hadley's interview with Scott Morrison

RAY HADLEY: Prime Minister, good morning.    PRIME MINISTER: G’day Ray.   HADLEY: I was just referring to this story from the Courier Mail, which you’ve probably caught up with today about t...

Ray Hadley & Scott Morrison - avatar Ray Hadley & Scott Morrison

Prime Minister's Remarks to Joint Party Room

PRIME MINISTER: Well, it is great to be back in the party room, the joint party room. It’s great to have everybody back here. It’s great to officially welcome Garth who joins us. Welcome, Garth...

Scott Morrison - avatar Scott Morrison

Prime Minister Interview with Ben Fordham, 2GB

BEN FORDHAM: Scott Morrison, good morning to you.    PRIME MINISTER: Good morning, Ben. How are you?    FORDHAM: Good. How many days have you got to go?   PRIME MINISTER: I've got another we...

Scott Morrison - avatar Scott Morrison

Business News

Tips to find the best plastic manufacturing supplier for your needs

Plastics are very much an important part of all of our lives, but they’re particularly valuable to a wide variety of industries that rely on their production for their operations. The industries, ...

News Co - avatar News Co

7 foolproof tips for bidding successfully at a property auction

Auctions can be beneficial for prospective buyers, as they are transparent and fair. If you reach the limit you are willing to pay, you can simply walk away. Another benefit of an auction is tha...

Dominique Grubisa - avatar Dominique Grubisa

Getting Ready to Code? These Popular and Easy Programming Languages Can Get You Started

According to HOLP (History Encyclopedia of Programing Languages), there are more than 8,000 programming languages, some dating as far back as the 18th century. Although there might be as many pr...

News Co - avatar News Co

News Co Media Group

Content & Technology Connecting Global Audiences

More Information - Less Opinion