When the Academic Ranking of World Universities was released last week, more than half of Australia’s universities appeared in the highly prestigious top 500. That’s quite an extraordinary achievement for a country as small as ours, but might leave future students scratching their heads and wondering, well, was there something wrong with the others?
Australian universities all have high standards
Badging yourself as a university in Australia is protected by law and requires institutions to have robust quality control and meet strict standards, so none of our universities are poor quality – and certainly not prone to the kinds of issues besetting elements of the private higher education sector.
Australia’s universities, like its wine, are decent and dependable, but seldom excellent.
While that sentiment might play well to an education minister bent on pushing some institutions into the rankings stratosphere at the expense, in funding terms, of others, it is somewhat unfair. Historically, Australia has aimed to have an excellent university sector, rather than put all of its eggs into a few sandstone baskets.
The Dawkins Reforms of the late 1980s, which included the implementation of income-contingent loans, were aimed at creating a comprehensive system in which quality was widespread but diversity of institutional mission was encouraged.
To quite some extent, this aim has come to fruition. This is evident in the alliances made by universities according to the strengths they choose to focus on and the students they aim to serve:
the Group of Eight (Go8) comprises Australia’s older, Oxbridge-style institutions with big research profiles
the Australian Technology Network universities are focused on industry collaboration and innovation
the Regional Universities Network serves the regional and rural areas with education and research relevant to their locations
the Innovative Research Universities are predominantly those created during the expansion of higher education in the 1960s and 70s, looking to step out from the shadow of the Go8 and lay claim to new and emerging research strengths.
Should we judge based on rankings?
Most of the international rankings schemes are based heavily on universitys' research output, not their teaching. Good teaching is very hard to measure or rank. In this sense, such rankings are not a good indicator of the kind of experience an aspiring student will have.
Choosing based on rankings is not necessarily irrational – there is no doubt that status is an important part of signalling behaviour for job applicants. Beware, however, the (possibly apocryphal) story of the Princeton Law School, ranking very highly in a survey of perceived prestige – despite not actually existing. Status is real, but what is it really pinned to?
A good university in Australia is one that’s good for you
The diversity of “institutional missions” in Australia means that finding a good university, for students, means finding the university that’s good for you. Are you looking for an education you can fit around your other commitments and undertake online?
Is research reputation and status signalling important? Do you want to get involved with sport, theatre, the student newspaper? Do you want to consolidate knowledge and skills you already have, or open your mind to something completely new?
Do you mainly want to “do” things or “think” things? Probably, you’re looking for a combination of these, but once you have a better understanding of the balance, you can ask the questions to find out which institution offers what you want.
From a more personal point of view, people are much more likely to drop out of courses that were low down their preference list, probably because they’re not intrinsically interested in them.
If you want to do well, you’re probably better off in a course that interests you at a university that might not have been your first choice, rather than taking a place in a course you’re not really drawn to at your dream university.
The main stumbling block into the future for Australia and its “good universities” is funding. By OECD standards, Australian universities are poorly funded (33rd out of 34 for public funding) and our fees are high (nearly twice the OECD average).
It’s a shame that so few outside the sector realise this because the good reputation of our universities may not last forever.
This article is part of a Conversation series on Choosing a University. This topic will also be discussed on #TalkAboutIt on ABC News 24, iview and abc.net.au
Emmaline Bexley does not work for, consult, own shares in or receive funding from any company or organization that would benefit from this article, and has disclosed no relevant affiliations beyond the academic appointment above.
Authors: The Conversation