I Need to Know is an ongoing series for teens in search of reliable, confidential advice about life’s tricky questions. If you’re a teen, send us your questions about sex, drugs, health and relationships and we’ll ask an expert to answer it for you.
As someone who has never touched drugs before, how hard is it really to say no to illicit substances?
Anonymous, 17, Newington
- The easiest way to say “no” is by explaining why you don’t want to take drugs (while at the same time not sounding judgemental)
- alcohol is the most commonly used drug
- most young people don’t use illicit drugs.
Hi and thanks for the question. Can young people really “just say no” to illicit drugs? There are a few things to consider, so let’s talk them through.
1. Are all teenagers trying drugs?
It might feel as though your friends are going to go through a phase of experimenting with illicit drugs. But in fact, most young people don’t take illicit drugs.
Alcohol is by far the most commonly used drug, though rates of alcohol use are generally decreasing. A national survey of secondary students found 46% of 12-17 year olds had tried alcohol in the past year, but only 25% had in the past month. Similarly, another survey found young people were trying alcohol for the first time later (about age 16) and more were abstaining than ever before (82%).
Cannabis is often the first illicit drug young people are exposed to (about 7% of 12-17 year-olds have tried it). Later on, generally in your early 20s, you’ll start to encounter people trying harder drugs such as ecstasy and amphetamines (see in the graph above how this number dramatically increases between the two age groups). Even then, the majority of people don’t regularly use these drugs.
2. Will people actually offer me drugs?
There is a widespread assumption that drugs are frequently offered to people your age. This isn’t always the case. Drug use is an illegal activity, so people who have them and who sell them tend to be a little cautious who they talk to about it. You might not ever be offered them directly.
But if most of your peer group are experimenting with substances, you almost certainly will be offered them. So…
3. How to say ‘no’ without it being a big deal
Although most young people don’t use drugs, some studies point out they’re open to other people doing so. This is referred to as the “normalisation” of illicit substance use: in simple terms, it’s being OK with your friends drinking alcohol or doing drugs even if you choose not to.
If you don’t want to drink or take drugs, you’ll find yourself in a position where you have to explain why. It might be useful to say something like:
It’s not my thing, but I don’t care if you’re into it.
Or if you feel like you need to give a reason, perhaps,
I always react badly when I drink alcohol/smoke joints, so I just don’t like it.
I have a game tomorrow and don’t want to feel bad.
I have bad come downs, so the high’s just not worth it for me.
I have a family thing tomorrow and don’t want to be hungover / coming down.
Hot tip: try not to make the other people feel like you you are judging them, but don’t feel like you need to justify why you don’t want to use drugs either.
Authors: Kathryn Daley, Lecturer, School of Global, Urban and Social Studies, RMIT University, RMIT University