Daily Bulletin

The Conversation

  • Written by The Conversation
imageThe signs may get bigger still.The Weekly Bull, CC BY-NC-SA

Liberal Democrat minister Danny Alexander has brought benefits back into the election campaign by revealing that the Conservatives plan to make £8bn in immediate cuts to the welfare budget, including slashing child benefits and family support.

This comes as pressure mounts on the Tories to answer questions about how they plan to remove £12bn from the welfare budget by 2017-18.

In recent years, successive governments have focused on the needs of older people and cut benefits for those of working age. For a long time, the public has generally shown support for this approach. But as the cuts begin to bite, the tide of opinion appears to be shifting. The next government may find itself up against greater opposition if it tries to trim the welfare budget back even further.

The bill

Pensions alone currently cost nearly 6% of GDP and are expected to rise by about a fifth by 2044. But poverty among older people has been effectively addressed with real pension increases under the previous and current government. Pensioner poverty (after housing costs) fell from about 24% to 13% between 2002-3 and 2012-13. Everyone loves pensioners and those of us who aren’t one yet hope to become one in the future.

In contrast, poverty among working-age adults with children rose slightly from 24% to 25% over the same period. For those without children, poverty increased from about 16% to about 20%.

This has been put down to the combination of real wage falls, greater job insecurity and the harsh cuts to housing benefit, job-seeker’s allowance, tax credit and other benefits that have taken place since 2010. It is worth noting, though, that the living standards of the working-age poor, even those with children, only just kept pace with wage increases in the good times before the 2008 recession.

An election issue

It’s not yet clear whether the Conservative Party will reveal the detail of its cuts plan. It didn’t feature in the party’s election manifesto but the Lib Dems are bound to keep up the pressure in the final week of campaigning. Labour’s programme is more moderate but it does not restore the cuts of the past five years. No one, it seems, loves the working-age poor.

Both parties may be mistaken if they think such a harsh approach will win support from voters. Despite years of benefits bashing, there are now indications that public attitudes are beginning to shift towards greater sympathy for the poor.

The most recent British Social Attitudes survey confirms this impression.

The percentage of people supporting higher taxes to pay for more healthcare, education and welfare fell steadily from 63% in 2001 to 31% in 2010. But numbers are increasing again, rising to 34% 2014.

This matters because greater sympathy from the public could translate into greater support for parties that oppose benefits cuts for the poor. It will also be harder for parties committed to cuts to achieve their public spending targets if public opinion will no longer accept low levels of welfare benefits.

The chart below shows how pensions have always received the highest level of support, while unemployed people and single parents have been at the bottom. Support for pensioners rose even higher from the mid 1990s to about 2005, while support for unemployed people fell even lower.

imagePriorities for extra spending on social benefits, 1983–2014.NatCen, Author provided

This trend went into reverse and the shift has grown more marked under the current government. Since 2010-11 the groups that have experienced the sharpest benefit cuts under the coalition (unemployed people, single parents, children) have moved up as priorities.

Disabled people, always relatively high in public sympathy, and affected by the introduction of Employment Support Allowance and particularly the Work Capability Test have also received more support since 2010.

Answers to a separate question show that the proportion who think benefits for the unemployed are too low and cause hardship had also fallen steadily from a high of 55% in 1993 to a low of 19% in 2011. But again, it is rising again and now stands at 28%.

Taken together, this all suggests that after a considerable period of of accepting a harsher benefits regime, the British public may have had enough.

Welfare and the vote

Further indications of a shift in attitudes are contained in the pattern of attitudes among voters for different parties. In 2014, 44% of Labour supporters agreed with spending more on welfare while only 17% of Conservative supporters said the same.

A similar gap had opened up between the two parties when it came to beliefs about unemployment benefits. Among Conservative supporters, 71% believed benefits for unemployed people are too high and discourage work. Among Labour supporters, only 38% took that stance. In both cases the party difference in 2014 is much wider than that in 2010.

The attitude survey evidence may reveal some public unease at policies that cut benefits for the poor of working age, in work and out of it, but is not yet sufficiently sustained to provide evidence of a decisive shift in attitudes.

There are, however, real signs that the pattern of the last few years of a withdrawal of public support for the welfare state for those of working age may be at last going into reverse. A shift in public attitudes here could well prompt a change in approach and should be taken into consideration by whichever party wins the May election.

Peter Taylor-Gooby has received funding from the Economic and Social Research Council, the Nuffield Foundation, the Leverhulme Trust and Norface for relevant research on attitudes to welfare policy. His article reflects his own views

Authors: The Conversation

Read more http://theconversation.com/danny-alexander-may-have-captured-the-public-mood-with-benefits-cuts-leak-39753

Writers Wanted

To learn at home, kids need more than just teaching materials. Their brain must also adapt to the context


Ground Preparation for Your Shipping Container


The Conversation


Prime Minister's Remarks to Joint Party Room

PRIME MINISTER: Well, it is great to be back in the party room, the joint party room. It’s great to have everybody back here. It’s great to officially welcome Garth who joins us. Welcome, Garth...

Scott Morrison - avatar Scott Morrison

Prime Minister Interview with Ben Fordham, 2GB

BEN FORDHAM: Scott Morrison, good morning to you.    PRIME MINISTER: Good morning, Ben. How are you?    FORDHAM: Good. How many days have you got to go?   PRIME MINISTER: I've got another we...

Scott Morrison - avatar Scott Morrison

Prime Minister Interview with Kieran Gilbert, Sky News

KIERAN GILBERT: Kieran Gilbert here with you and the Prime Minister joins me. Prime Minister, thanks so much for your time.  PRIME MINISTER: G'day Kieran.  GILBERT: An assumption a vaccine is ...

Daily Bulletin - avatar Daily Bulletin

Business News

7 foolproof tips for bidding successfully at a property auction

Auctions can be beneficial for prospective buyers, as they are transparent and fair. If you reach the limit you are willing to pay, you can simply walk away. Another benefit of an auction is tha...

Dominique Grubisa - avatar Dominique Grubisa

Getting Ready to Code? These Popular and Easy Programming Languages Can Get You Started

According to HOLP (History Encyclopedia of Programing Languages), there are more than 8,000 programming languages, some dating as far back as the 18th century. Although there might be as many pr...

News Co - avatar News Co

Avoid These Mistakes When Changing up Your Executive Career

Switching up industries is a valid move at any stage in your career, even if you’re an executive. Doing so at this stage can be a lot more intimidating, however, and it can be quite difficult know...

News Co - avatar News Co

News Co Media Group

Content & Technology Connecting Global Audiences

More Information - Less Opinion